Provision a VM using Packer and Vagrant

About 8 years back I worked for a company serving customers of the Payment Card Industry. They had a dire need of Infrastructure as Code(IaC) to build a Windows Active-Passive Cluster with Connect:Direct and engineers spent day and night to set it up manually. The ruckus created by that is still etched in my mind.

Now when I tried a simple recipe it worked like a charm. It isn’t very complicated as it is a simple test.

I started with this repo.

C:\Packer\ubuntu\ubuntu>packer build -only=vmware-iso -var='ssh_fullname=mirage' -var='ssh_password=mirage' -var-file=ubuntu1804.json ubuntu.json
vmware-iso: output will be in this color.

Warnings for build 'vmware-iso':

* A checksum type of 'none' was specified. Since ISO files are so big,
a checksum is highly recommended.
* Your vmx data contains the following variable(s), which Packer normally sets when it generates its own default vmx template. This may cause your build to fail or behave unpredictably: numvcpus, memsize

==> vmware-iso: Retrieving ISO
==> vmware-iso: Trying /Volumes/Storage/software/ubuntu/ubuntu-18.04.4-server-amd64.iso
==> vmware-iso: Trying /Volumes/Storage/software/ubuntu/ubuntu-18.04.4-server-amd64.iso?checksum=a5b0ea5918f850124f3d72ef4b85bda82f0fcd02ec721be19c1a6952791c8ee8
==> vmware-iso: /Volumes/Storage/software/ubuntu/ubuntu-18.04.4-server-amd64.iso?checksum=a5b0ea5918f850124f3d72ef4b85bda82f0fcd02ec721be19c1a6952791c8ee8 => C:/Packer/ubuntu/ubuntu/Volumes/Storage/software/ubuntu/ubuntu-18.04.4-server-amd64.iso
==> vmware-iso: Creating floppy disk...
vmware-iso: Copying files flatly from floppy_files
vmware-iso: Copying file: http/preseed.cfg
vmware-iso: Done copying files from floppy_files
vmware-iso: Collecting paths from floppy_dirs
vmware-iso: Resulting paths from floppy_dirs : []
vmware-iso: Done copying paths from floppy_dirs

Add box to Vagrant

C:\Packer\ubuntu\ubuntu\box\vmware>vagrant box add --name vmwarepackeransible
==> box: Box file was not detected as metadata. Adding it directly...
==> box: Adding box 'vmwarepackeransible' (v0) for provider:
box: Unpacking necessary files from: file://C:/Packer/ubuntu/ubuntu/box/vmware/
==> box: Successfully added box 'vmwarepackeransible' (v0) for 'vmware_desktop'!


C:\Packer\ubuntu\ubuntu\box\vmware>vagrant init vmwarepackeransible
A `Vagrantfile` has been placed in this directory. You are now
ready to `vagrant up` your first virtual environment! Please read
the comments in the Vagrantfile as well as documentation on
`` for more information on using Vagrant.

C:\Packer\ubuntu\ubuntu\box\vmware>vagrant up
Bringing machine 'default' up with 'vmware_desktop' provider...
==> default: Cloning VMware VM: 'vmwarepackeransible'. This can take some time...
==> default: Verifying vmnet devices are healthy...
==> default: Preparing network adapters...
==> default: Starting the VMware VM...
==> default: Waiting for the VM to receive an address...
==> default: Forwarding ports...
default: -- 22 => 2222
==> default: Waiting for machine to boot. This may take a few minutes...
default: SSH address:
default: SSH username: vagrant
default: SSH auth method: private key
default: Vagrant insecure key detected. Vagrant will automatically replace
default: this with a newly generated keypair for better security.
default: Inserting generated public key within guest...
default: Removing insecure key from the guest if it's present...
default: Key inserted! Disconnecting and reconnecting using new SSH key...
==> default: Machine booted and ready!
==> default: Configuring network adapters within the VM...
==> default: Waiting for HGFS to become available...
==> default: Enabling and configuring shared folders...
default: -- C:/Packer/ubuntu/ubuntu/box/vmware: /vagrant

Shell provisioner in Vagrantfile

config.vm.provision "shell", inline: <<-SHELL
add-apt-repository ppa:openjdk-r/ppa -y
apt-get update
echo "\n----- Installing Java 8 ------\n"
apt-get -y install  openjdk-8-jdk
update-alternatives --config java

SSH into vagrant and check

SHELLvagrant@vagrant:~$ java -version
openjdk version "1.8.0_252"
OpenJDK Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_252-8u252-b09-1~18.04-b09)
OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.252-b09, mixed mode)

There are other scenarious that are complicated but a simple test like this works as expected.

Prevent Vagrant from resuming a download

Screen Shot 2014-12-07 at 12.26.59 AM

Have you come across this nagging error when you attempt to resume a failed download ?

==> default: Box ‘udacity/ud381’ could not be found. Attempting to find and install…
default: Box Provider: virtualbox
default: Box Version: >= 0
==> default: Loading metadata for box ‘udacity/ud381’
default: URL:
==> default: Adding box ‘udacity/ud381’ (v0.0.5) for provider: virtualbox
default: Downloading:
==> default: Box download is resuming from prior download progress
An error occurred while downloading the remote file. The error
message, if any, is reproduced below. Please fix this error and try

HTTP server doesn’t seem to support byte ranges. Cannot resume.

One has to delete the partially downloaded box file.

Mohans-MacBook-Pro:ud381 radhakrishnan$ rm ~/.vagrant.d/tmp/*

OpenSolaris on a virtual machine

Solaris 10Creating a virtual machine and running OpenSolaris 10 on Windows XP is really cool even though I have seen a VMWare installation in 1999. Two things that piqued my interest are Intel® Threading Building Block and Solaris zones which we used in our last project. I am trying to play with both using VMWare player and OpenSolaris and a virtual machine created using easyvmx.